Gingham is a fabric with a long tradition, that is spun from strips. Many believe that the name comes from Italian or Indonesian. However, from the Malay adjective Genggang, which means “ajar; separate”, the term refers to the original stripes used. In general, gingham is a smooth woven fabric of dyed cotton or cotton blended yarn.
In the 17th century the material was imported through the colonies to England and later migrated to the American colonies. First, gingham was woven with two different fibre colours, which underlined the stripe effect. With the new technical improvements, we began to weave the gingham with different colours. In the 1950s the pattern was taken up by fashion and is now regarded as a classic. In the English language, this pattern is called a gingham pattern.
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